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Welcome to the Site of the Strasbourg Consortium 
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PLEASE NOTE: This site has no official affiliation with the Council of Europe or the European Court of Human Rights. It is independently operated by the staff of the International Center for Law and Religion Studies at Brigham Young University Law School in the United States. 

This site is dedicated to reporting and commenting upon issues involving freedom of conscience, religion, or belief throughout the member states of the Council of Europe, with particular focus on the work of the European Court of Human Rights and its predecessor tribunal, the European Commission of Human Rights. We are working to make this site the definitive source of information for scholars and others interested in understanding and having some influence upon the work of the Court in this vital area. Since the decisions on the important issues pending before the Court will shape the basic contours of freedom of religion or belief for years to come, not only throughout Europe, but throughout the world as the Court and its opinions become increasingly influential, the kind of work envisioned by, and carried out by, the Strasbourg Consortium is particularly critical.  For links to information on the operations of the Court, see About the Court.

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Molli Sali v. Greece (no. 20452/14) - Grand Chamber Judgment 19 December 2018.  The case concerned the application by the Greek courts of Islamic religious (Sharia) law to a dispute concerning inheritance rights over the estate of the late husband of Ms Molla Sali, a Greek national belonging to the country’s Muslim minority. The Court's First Section relinquished jurisdiction to the Grand Chamber on 8 June 2017. The Grand Chamber heard arguments in the case on 6 December 2017, and while judgment was awaited, on 9 January 2018 the Greek Parliament voted to limit the powers of Islamic courts operating in Thrace, home about 100,000 Muslims. In its judgment of 19 December 2018, the Grand Chamber found a violation of Article 14 (prohibition of discrimination), read in conjunction with Article 1 of Protocol No. 1 (protection of property). In particular, "the difference in... more

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Altınkaynak et autres c. Turquie (no. 12541/06) - Second Section Chamber Judgment 15 January 2019 [judgment in French only].  Applicants are six Turkish nationals who attempted, in September 2004, to register a  religious organization, Tükiye Yedincigün Adventisterli Vakfı (Foundation of the Seventh-day Adventists) in Istanbul. The tribunal of the first instance rejected their demand, judging that the objective of the organization was to meet the religious needs of people embracing the faith of Seventh-day Adventists and that this was contrary to provisions of the Turkish Civil Code prohibiting the establishment of foundations whose purpose is to support members of a particular community. The judgment was upheld in further court action. The applicants brough the case before the European Court of Human Rights alleging violations of Articles 9, 11, 14, 17, and 18 in the abridgment of their rights to freedom on thought/conscience, freedom of peaceful assembly, and in contravenion to prohibitions against discrimination, destruction of Convention rights and freedoms, and application of restrictions for unprescribed purposes. In its judgment of 15 January 2019 the Court decided to examine the applicants' complaints under Article 11 only and, finding a violation... more

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A.O. Falun Dafa and others v. Moldova (no. 29458/15) - Communicated 18 December 2018. The applicant organizations and their representatives, who practiced the spiritual practice Falun Gong, "complain under Articles 9 and 11 of the Convention that the banning of their symbol [under the assertion that it is a reversed red swatiska] and their dissolution breached their right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion and their right to freedom of association. They also complained that one of the judges who examined their case at the Supreme Court of Justice had participated in similar previous proceedings against the applicant organisations and that, therefore, he was not impartial."

S.S. v. Sweden (no. 43654/18) - Communicated 11 September 20108.  The application concerns the deportation to Afghanistan of an Afghan woman whose asylum application has been rejected. The Court asks the parties for information on whether the applicant would face a risk of being subject to treatment in breach Article 3 prohibitions of inhuman or degrading treatment for lack of a male support network, and if she would face a real risk of flagrant violation of religious freedom under Article... more