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This site is dedicated to reporting and commenting upon issues involving freedom of conscience, religion, or belief throughout the member states of the Council of Europe, with particular focus on the work of the European Court of Human Rights and its predecessor tribunal, the European Commission of Human Rights. We are working to make this site the definitive source of information for scholars and others interested in understanding and having some influence upon the work of the Court in this vital area. Since the decisions on the important issues pending before the Court will shape the basic contours of freedom of religion or belief for years to come, not only throughout Europe, but throughout the world as the Court and its opinions become increasingly influential, the kind of work envisioned by, and carried out by, the Strasbourg Consortium is particularly critical.  

We welcome you to our site, and encourage you to investigate its possibilities to determine how it may serve you, and how you might contribute to its success.

PLEASE NOTE: This site is independently operated by the staff of the International Center for Law and Religion Studies on behalf of the academic group called the Strasbourg Consortium. It has no official affiliation with the Council of Europe or the European Court of Human Rights.

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18 December 2014. Conférence Laïcité et Liberté de Croyance : quel avenir pour la spécificité française? Organisé par le European Interreligious Forum for Religous Freedom (EIFRF), Au Club de l'Assemblée, 93, rue de l'Université 75007 Paris, de 17h  à 20 h.

18 December 2014. Faith-Based Arbitration: The UK Experience, Mark Hill QC speaking, moderated by Andrew Khoo  Chin Hock, Auditorium, Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Arbitration Bangunan Sulaiman, Jalan Sultan Hishamuddin, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

23 February 2015. Applications due for Balkan Summer School on Religion and Public Life, 26 July - 8 August 2015. 

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Fozil Nazarov v. Russia (no. 74759/13) - Chamber Judgment 11 December 2014. - The applicant is an Uzbek national who was put on a Uzbek wanted list for religious extremism and terrorism. He was arrested and detained in Russia, where he applied for asylum. The Court ruled that the forced return of the applicant to Uzbekistan would amount to a violation of Article 3 of the Convention.

Güler and Uğur v. Turkey (nos. 31706/10 and 33088/10) - Chamber Judgment 2 December 2014. The case concerned the applicants’ conviction for promoting a terrorist organization based on their participation in a religious service held on the premises of a political party in memory of three deceased PKK members who had been killed by security forces. The Court found that there had been a violation of Article 9 and that the applicants' conviction had not been "prescribed by law."

Cumhuriyetçi Eğitim Ve Kültür Merkezi Vakfi v. Turkey (no. 32093/10) - Chamber Judgment 2 December 2014. The case concerns discrimination against Alevi places of worship, which did not recieve the same state electricity subsidies as other religious buildings. The Court held that there had been a violation of Articles 9 and 14. 

Islam-Ittihad Association and Others v. Azerbaijan (no. 5548/05) - Chamber Judgment 13 November 2014. The case concerns the dissolution of the applicant organization, which had been formed to maintain and repair mosques. Its dissolution was ordered by a district court in 2003 after repeated warnings that the organization was unlawfully participating... more

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Hämäläinen v. Finland (no. 37359/09) - Grand Chamber Judgment 16 July 2014. The Court upheld a 2012 Fourth Section judgment regarding civil unions. The applicant is a Finnish national who underwent male-to-female gender reassignment surgery in 2009. Having previously changed her first names, she wished to obtain a new identity number that would indicate her female gender in her official documents. However, in order to do so her marriage to a woman would have had to be turned into a civil partnership, which she refused to accept. She complained under Articles 8, 12, and 14. However, the Grand Chamber agreed that there had been no violation of the applicant's rights.

S.A.S. v. France (no. 43835/11) - Grand Chamber Judgment 1 July 2014. The Court upheld a 2011 ban by France on full-face veils in public. The applicant, a French national and Muslim woman, complained that the law violated her rights under Articles 8 (right to respect for private and family life), 9 (freedom of thought, conscience, and religion), and 10 (freedom of expression), as well as Article 14 (prohibition of discrimination). The Court found that "respect for the minimum set of values of an open democratic society," specifically the minimum requirements for "living together," outweighed the individual's choice to wear a full-face veil. By "raising a veil concealing the face" an individual... more

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L’Archidiocèse Catholique de Bucarest v. Romania (no. 3524/10) - Communicated 10 October 2014. The case concerns the construction of a tower next to a Catholic cathedral. The applicant claims that the tower's presence infringes on the freedom of religious practice of believers.

M.R. v. Netherlands (no. 60814/14) - Communicated 2 September 2014. The applicant is an Iranian national seeking asylum in the Netherlands. He claims that his return to Iran would put him in danger because of his conversion to Christianity.

Bektashi Community and Others v. Macedonia... more